You’ve likely heard the term “surrogate mother” before, but like many people, you may not know what a surrogate actually does. 

We wanted to shed some light on surrogacy for you and give you a basic understanding of surrogate mothers and what they do, as well as how the surrogacy process works. 

Read on to find out more!

What does a surrogate mother do?

A surrogate mother carries and delivers a baby, and then gives the baby to the intended parents to raise.

What are the two kinds of surrogate mothers?

There are two types of surrogates: traditional surrogates and gestational surrogates.

Traditional surrogates: Traditional surrogates are artificially inseminated with the intended father’s (or a donor’s) sperm. The surrogate then carries the baby and delivers it for the intended parents to raise. This type of surrogate is the biological mother of the baby, as it is her egg that is fertilized by the intended father’s/donor’s sperm.

Gestational surrogates: In gestational surrogacy, an egg is removed from the intended mother (or a donor) and fertilized with the sperm of the intended father (or a donor). The embryo is then transferred to the surrogate mother, who carries the baby until birth. The surrogate mother is not genetically related to the baby. She is called the “birth mother”; the biological mother is the person whose egg was fertilized. With gestational surrogacy, both intended parents have biological ties to the baby.

Find out more about traditional and gestational surrogacy.

Why do people use a surrogate to have a baby?

There are many reasons for considering surrogacy, but here are some of the most common issues:

  •       Infertility  
  •       Medical problems with the uterus (or uterus removed)
  •       Medical conditions that make pregnancy risky
  •       Intended parents are a same-sex couple
  •       Age of intended parents makes it difficult to conceive or carry a child
  •       Personal decisions

Who can be a surrogate mother?

When a woman applies to become a surrogate, the surrogacy agency ensures that she is physically healthy and capable of carrying a child without putting herself at risk. The requirements for surrogate mothers vary from agency to agency.

At SPS, surrogates must meet the following criteria (along with several other requirements):

  •       They are between 21 and 40 years old
  •       They have had at least one easy pregnancy and delivery
  •       They have at least on child of their own living with them
  •       They are non-smokers and don’t use drugs
  •       They can support themselves financially
  •       They have reliable transportation
  •       They must have a desire to help someone in a very special way
  •       They must love being pregnant!  

How do you find a surrogate?

There are several ways to find a surrogate. The surrogate can be someone the intended parents know, such as a family member or friend. However, the most common way to find a surrogate is with a surrogacy agency, such as Surrogate Parenting Services.

Find out more about the surrogacy process for surrogates and intended parents.


Learn More About Becoming a Surrogate with Surrogate Parenting Services 

Surrogate Parenting Services is proud to celebrate 30 Years of helping to bring dreams to life! Founded in 1990, Surrogate Parenting Services (SPS) is a full-service surrogacy program that offers both parties an exceptionally supportive environment throughout the surrogacy relationship. We’re passionate about creating ideal matches between surrogates and intended parents, so the journey is fulfilling for both sides and the future child is brought into this world in the best possible circumstances.   

Learn more about our Surrogacy Program online or by calling 949-363-9525.